The foundation of satellite broadcasting began many years before the concept was conceived. Satellite and Television Systems inventor and science fiction writer Arthur Clarke was one of the first to talk about being able to communicate globally via satellites.
But thanks to the "space race" between the United States and Russia in the late 1950s, the concepts became reality. The space race was a rivalry between two nations as each sought to show that it was a leader in space exploration. In 1957, Russia launched Sputnik into space. The sound emitted by the world's first satellite in space could be heard by some listeners on radio and television. Two years later, the United States launched its first satellite. Four years later, the first communications satellite, Syncom II, went into space, enabling the US military to communicate.